Fruit [ Botany ]
Synonym: Seed pod, Seed case
Dictionary of botanic
terminology - index of names
A fruit is the
or ovaries of a flowering
plant, together with accessory parts consolidated with it,
containing the seeds and occurring in
a wide variety of forms
and to some extent assists in the
dissemination of the seeds.
Typically a fruit start to develop after that an
fertilized as a result of the
process of pollination, the
ovary begins to enlarge. The
petals of the flower drop and the
ovule develops into a seed.
The ovary, together with accessory
parts of the flower or other
organs ( e.g.
inflorescence parts.) comes to form a structure surrounding the seed or seeds
that is the fruit. Fruit development continues until the seeds have
Fruits may be
dry and are classified in
three basic types:
Derived from the ripening of a
Simple fruit simple or
compound ovary with but one
Derived from a Aggregate fruit flower with numerous
Derived from a cluster of flowers (called an
Multiple fruit inflorescence).
Dry fruits can also be divided in:
discharge Dehiscent seeds.
Not opening to discharge
The fruit is a complex structure composed of many
different parts. Some of the more common terms used for describing a fruit
Fruit and Seed dispersal:
Dispersal is the natural process of dispersing of plant fruit and seeds
over a wide area. There are six common means of dispersal:
: Dispersal by
: Dispersal by physical expulsion, often
Endozoochory: Dispersal through animal ingestion and
Epizoochory: Dispersal by attachment to fur or feathers.
Hydrochory: Dispersal by water.
Myrmecochory: Dispersal by ants.
Other term relating to fruit:
The spore-bearing structure or conceptacles of a plant that does not
bear seeds, as of ferns, mosses, algae, etc.