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Gynoecium   [ Botany ]
Synonym: Female part of the flower

Dictionary of botanic terminology - index of names

  The gynoecium include all the female reproductive organs of a flower.  

It is formed of a single or several pistils. Each pistil is composed of one or more fused carpels and produces the ovules.
When in a flower the carpel is single the terms gynoecium and pistil are synonymous.

If the carpels (pistils) are free the gynoecium is apocarpous or if the carpels are fused the gynoecium (pistil) is syncarpous (or compound).






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