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Lepidoptera (Lepidopteran) [ Entomology ]

Dictionary of botanic terminology
 index of names

  The Lepidoptera is one of the largest order of insects, which includes Butterflies, Skippers,  Moths, Leaf Rollers, Hawk-Moths, Noctuids, Geometers, Processionary, Caterpillars, Coppers, Whites, Burnets... (The order comprises more than 180,000 species, second only to the Coleoptera (the beetles).
 
 
Sulcorebutia gerosenilis KK 2005 and a common Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio machaon)
A butterfly the "Common Swallowtail" (a Lepidoptera  of the Papilionoidea family Papilio machaon) on a flower of  Sulcorebutia gerosenilis
Lepidopterans go through a four-stage life cycle of egg–larva/caterpillar–pupa/chrysalis–imago/adult. Adults (butterflies) have two pairs of membranous broad wings, covered with minute scales, commonly brightly coloured. They have a tubular proboscis (mouth parts) adapted for sucking that -  when not in use - can be coiled up spirally. The mandibles are rudimentary or absent. The adults feed for the most part on the nectar of flowers and are important pollinator. The larvae, called caterpillars, are frequently brightly coloured, and they commonly feed on leaves and other plants organ, many of them are dangerous herbivorous parasites and may cause serious damage in cultivation.
A caterpillar (larva) feeds on a Yavia cryptocarpa stems.

 

 

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