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Scientific classification    [ Taxonomy]
or Biological classification
Biological nomenclature

Dictionary of botanic terminology - index of names

  Scientific classification or biological classification describe how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms in an ordered system according to their presumed relationships or origin.  
Modern classification has its roots in the system of Linnaean classification, that grouped species according to shared physical characteristic, but in recent times other criteria have also been used and has driven many revisions. In particular the modern classification take also in consideration the Darwinian principle of common descent and the Molecular systematics, which uses genomic DNA analysis.
Scientific classification belongs to the science of taxonomy.

See also: Scientific name, Binomial nomenclature






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