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Woodland [ Ecology ]

Dictionary of botanic terminology - index of names

  A woodland is a plant community covered with widely spaced trees and shrubs.  

Biologically, a woodland is differentiated from a forest.  A forest form a largely-closed canopy, in other words, the branches and foliage of trees interlock overhead, cover and furnish nearly a continuous shade, while a woodland has a largely-open canopy (the tree crowns cover less than 20-30 % of the ground) with sunlight penetrating between trees.
This is a vegetation type usually found in dry and poor soil areas. . The woody vegetation is composed of tree species that are often small, short bowled, and open grown.
Some types of woodland are essentially grasslands with shrubs and scattered trees





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