Description: C. bainesii a deciduous succulent
shrub or small tree that grows up to 1,5 (5)m high with thick or bottle
shaped trunks (caudex) up to 40 cm wide. It is very similar to C. juttae,
but shorter and fatter. Bark is papery and smooth, very attractive,
clear yellowish-brown to pastel and peeling in rings to reveal
Leaves: Huge, bright yellowish-green to
glaucous green often with red undulated margins covered with a fairly
Flowers: In a lose inflorescence on mature
plants and are followed by ornamental, orange grapes (don't eat them
they are high in tannic acid and not sweet) they may be slightly toxic.
Cultivation: Grows in a rich, well drained soil with some water
and lots of sun throughout the year. It is suited to greenhouse culture
but do well out of doors in Mediterranean climate. It doesn't like the
wet winter but will survive. Water plentifully in summer but keep
absolutely dry in winter. Mature plants are hardy to -3C, but it is best
to avoid freezing temperatures. Propagate usually from seed that must be
prepared, aged and scarified and even then germination is uncertain or
Family: Vitaceae (Ampelidaceae)
Scientific name: Cyphostemma bainesii
(Hook. f.) Desc. 1967
Origin: Central western Namibia and South Africa
Habitat: Grows in dry rocky outcrops in a well drained soil with
some water usually at the base of boulders where it receives a bit of
shade from the burning sun.
Vitis bainesii Joseph Dalton Hooker 1864
Published in: Bot. Mag. 90: t. 5472. 1864 [basionym]
- Cissus bainesii, Gilg & M. Brandt 1912
Common Name: African Tree Grape, Gouty Vine,
C. bainesii in winter without leaves.
has a bottle shaped caudex with a very ornamental papery yellowish and
smooth bark that peels in rings to reveal grey-green.