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  Cyphostemma bainesii CACTUSPEDIA       

 


Cyphostemma bainesii
 

Description: C. bainesii a deciduous succulent shrub or small tree that grows up to 1,5 (5)m high with thick or bottle shaped trunks (caudex) up to 40 cm wide. It is very similar to C. juttae, but shorter and fatter. Bark is papery and smooth, very attractive, clear yellowish-brown to pastel and peeling in rings to reveal grey-green.
Leaves:
Huge, bright yellowish-green to glaucous green often with red undulated margins covered with a fairly dense fuzz.
Flowers:
In a lose inflorescence on mature plants and are followed by ornamental, orange grapes (don't eat them they are high in tannic acid and not sweet) they may be slightly toxic.

Cultivation: Grows in a rich, well drained soil with some water and lots of sun throughout the year. It is suited to greenhouse culture but do well out of doors in Mediterranean climate. It doesn't like the wet winter but will survive. Water plentifully in summer but keep absolutely dry in winter. Mature plants are hardy to -3C, but it is best to avoid freezing temperatures. Propagate usually from seed that must be prepared, aged and scarified and even then germination is uncertain or by cuttings.
 

 

 

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Family: Vitaceae (Ampelidaceae)

Scientific name:  Cyphostemma bainesii (Hook. f.) Desc. 1967

Origin: Central western Namibia and South Africa

Habitat: Grows in dry rocky outcrops in a well drained soil with some water usually at the base of boulders where it receives a bit of shade from the burning sun.

Synonyms:

  • Vitis bainesii Joseph Dalton Hooker 1864
    Published in: Bot. Mag. 90: t. 5472. 1864 [basionym]
  • Cissus bainesii, Gilg & M. Brandt 1912

Common Name African Tree Grape, Gouty Vine, Butterwood Tree
 

 


C. bainesii in winter without leaves.


It has a bottle shaped caudex with a very ornamental papery yellowish and smooth bark that peels in rings to reveal grey-green.



 

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This old page has been moved! Click the link next on the right to enter the new Enciclopedia of Succulents. We hope you find this new site informative and useful.

Encyclopedia of Succulents