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Echinocereus fendleri

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Echinocereus
fendleri SB1958 Coconino Plateau
The flowers are a large brilliant magenta pink, with darker centers.
 

Description: It is a wide ranging and variable species with an indefinite number of geographic races. It is a low growing , scrubby cactus, that grows solitary or in small clumps with 5 to 20 stems. The classic fendleri form has huge violet-purple flowers and attractive white/black spination. All varieties have large red delicious edible fruits.
Stems: 10 to 30 cm tall, 5 to 7 cm in diameter somewhat flaccid erect or slightly decumbent, ovoid to cylindric with age.
Ribs: 9 to 13, uninterrupted or sometimes wavy, with sinus between areoles.
Areoles: Circular areoles 8 to 17 mm apart.
Radial spines: (2 to) 5 to 11 radials, 3 to 20 mm long, spreading, opaquely white, commonly with dark stripe on underside, often with contrasting black or brown spines in same areoles (rarely all brown or all white)
Central spines: 0 to 3 (more often 1) dark, becoming lighter with age, rigid, straight or curved up to 4 cm long, porrect or ascending, if curved, then usually directed upward, abaxial central spine like others in colour or darker, flat to sharply angled. In some areloes accompanied by short accessory centrals.
Flowers: Close to the stem tips, funnelform, 7 cm in diameter purple-violet (sometime pink to almost white) throat sometimes darker or purplish maroon, tips relatively thin and delicate. The stigma is green, and there is a very large number of stamens.
Blooming season: April to June.
Fruit: 2,5-5 cm long, 12 mm in diameter, edible, bright red, dull carmine, or purplish maroon, less often orange-tan or purplish orange, pulp magenta or red.
Remarks: Echinocereus fendleri var. kuenzleri
has short conical stems up to 15 cm long and 10 cm in diameter,  no central spine; 2 to 6 radials about 2.5 cm long and magenta flowers up to 10 cm long.
 

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Family: Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

Scientific name: Echinocereus fendleri (Engelmann) Sencke ex J. N. Haage
In: Preis-Verz. Cact. Succ. 22. 1860.


Origin USA (New Mexico, Texas, Colorado, Arizona, Utah) and northern Mexico (northern Sonora, Chihuahua)

Habitat: Echinocereus fendleri is found on dry slopes and in rocky areas in semidesert grasslands, interior chaparral, pinyon-juniper or pine-oak woodlands, on limestone or igneous substrates, mostly south-facing hillsides; 900-2400 m;

Common Names include: Pink-flower Hedgehog Cactus, Fendler’s hedgehog cactus, strawberry cactus, Short spined Strawberry hedgehog, Bundle hedgehog.

Conservation status: Listed in CITES appendix 2.

Synonyms:  

  • Cereus fendleri Engelmann  (basionym)
    in: Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. 4: 50. 1849
  • Echinocereus fendleri var. kuenzleri (Castetter, P. Pierce & K. H. Schwerin) L. D. Benson.
  • Echinocereus fendleri var. rectispinus (Peebles) L. D. Benson
  • Echinocereus fendleri var. robustus
  • Echinocereus pseudohempelii
  • Echinocereus kuenzleri
 


Cultivation: It grows rather slowly and  is sensitive to over-watering (rot prone). Keep drier and cool in winter.  It needs full sun. Very cold resistant, reportedly to -18°C or less (depending on clones), but needs good drainage and protection from excessive moisture in winter and well mulched with gravel chips.  It is a fine plant for a rock garden or container, and contrasts well with agaves, yuccas, and low-growing flowering plants. It will show its flowers only provided with an adequate winter rest period.

Propagation: Seeds, can also be grown from cuttings, as it branches  from the base.

 

Photo gallery: Alphabetical listing of Cactus and Succulent pictures published in this site.

Photo gallery Echinocereus




 



 

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This old page has been moved! Click the link next on the right to enter the new Enciclopedia of Cacti. We hope you find this new site informative and useful.

The Encyclopedia of Cacti