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Echinofossulucactus crispatus
var. longispinus
CACTUSPEDIA       

 


Echinofossulucactus crispatus var. longispinus (Huizache form)
 

Description: E. crispatus is a solitary plant (or rarely branching) closely covered with very long spines and wavy ribs. This is a very variable species that now includes many form (previously considered independent species) with one form intergrading into another, creating a taxonomig nightmare. It is one of the Echinofossulocactus with the prettiest spination.
Stem: Up to 20 cm tall, 10 cm wide, globose, short-cylindric or obovoid, somewhat depressed at apex, light green to olive-green.
Ribs: (25-)30-60(-80) thin with very regularly and attractively waived, depressed in the region of areoles. The flattened, waivy or curled ridged of this species are characteristic of other kinds of Echinofossulocactus.
Areoles: 1 to 3 in each ribs, woolly in youth, later naked.
Radial spines: Usually 4 to 6 flattened, whitish to brownish, 0,5 to 1 cm long and about 0,6-1 mm wide at the base.
Central spine: 3-4 very flattened, whitish, yellowish, brownish to almost black, often darker at the tip, directed upwards ± rigid, ferocious-looking, straight or curved, unequal with one very long (from 1 to 10 cm long) and 1-5 mm wide at the base. The var. longispinus (from Latin Longi spinus = Having long spines) is characterized by very long flattened spines and is very decorative.
Flowers: Central, funnel-shaped rather small, perianth segments in two series, pale pink with a purplish midrib, oblong-linear, acute. Flower tube covered with imbricated scales.
Blooming season: Late spring to summer.
Fruits: 8-12 mm long, 4-6 mm wide, obovoid reddish to greysh, dry at maturity.
Seeds: 1 mm long x 0,9 mm wide, pyriform to reniform, black. Head with celled and wavy wall.
 

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Cultivation: Easy to to care and flower. It needs regular cacti soil with good drainage. Propagation: Seeds (usually) Exposure: It likes strong sunshine but is tolerant and do well with  light shade during the hot Summer months, allow to dry between watering. It should not be watered at all in winter.  Frost Tolerance: does not tolerate intense or prolonged cold (hardy to  -5°C if kept dry)
Family: Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

Scientific name: Echinofossulocactus crispatus var. longispinus

Nowadays regarded as: Stenocactus crispatus (A. P. de Candolle) A. Berger ex A. W. Hill 1933

Conservation status:   Listed in CITES appendix 2.

Etymology: From Latin adjective “Crispatus” meaning "crisped" or "curled" for the wavy margins of the ribs. Longispinus comes from latin adjective Longus = long; extended and spina = thorn; prickle, spine for the very long spines.

Synonyms:

  • Echinofossulocactus crispatus (A. P. de Candolle) Lawrence
    in Loud. Gard. Mag. 17: 317. 1841
  • Ferocactus crispatus (A. P. de Candolle) N. P. Taylor 1980
  • Echinocactus crispatus A. P. de Candolle
    Prodr. 3: 461. 1828.
  • Echinofossulocactus dichroacanthus (Martius ex Pfeiffer) Britton et Rose 1922
  • Echinocactus dichroacanthus Martius ex Pfeiffer 1837
  • Stenocactus dichroacanthus (Martius ex Pfeiffer) A. Berger ex Backeberg 1935
  • Echinofossulocactus lancifer (A. Dietrich) Britton et Rose 1922
  • Echinocactus lancifer A. Dietrich 1839
  • Stenocactus lancifer (A. Dietrich) A. Berger ex Backeberg et F. M. Knuth 1929
  • Echinofossulocactus arrigens (Link ex A. Dietrich) Britton et Rose 1922
  • Echinocactus arrigens Link ex A. Dietrich 1840
  • Stenocactus arrigens (Link ex A. Dietrich) A. Berger 1929
  • Echinofossulocactus lamelosus (A. Dietrich) Britton et Rose 1922
  • Echinocactus lamelosus A. Dietrich 1847
  • Stenocactus lamelosus (A. Dietrich) A. Berger 1929
  • Echinocactus flexispinus Salm-Dyck 1849
  • Echinofossulocactus flexispinus (Salm-Dyck) Bravo 1969
  • Echinocactus violaciflorus Quehl 1912
  • Echinofossulocactus violaciflorus (Quehl) Britton et Rose 1922
  • Brittonrosea violaciflora
  • Echinocactus violaciflorus
  • Stenocactus dichroacanthus var. violaciflorus
  • Stenocactus violaciflorus,
  • Echinofossulocactus confusus Britton et Rose 1922
  • Stenocactus confusus
  • Brittonrosea confusa
  • Echinofossulocactus guerraianus Backeberg 1942
  • Echinofossulocactus kelleranus (kellerianus) Krainz 1946
  • Echinofossulocactus multiareolatus Bravo 1960
 



A 15 years old specimen with perfect spination, but for such a spines need a lot of sun.

Photo of conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the echinofossulocactus crispatus complex (This Taxon has lots of synonyms (like most Echinofossulocactus) whit several controversial varieties and subspecies):

 

 

Photo gallery: Alphabetical listing of Cactus and Succulent pictures published in this site.

Photo gallery echinofossulocactus



 

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This old page has been moved! Click the link next on the right to enter the new Enciclopedia of Cacti. We hope you find this new site informative and useful.

The Encyclopedia of Cacti