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  Eriosyce eriocephala
(Syn: Eriosyce taltalensis v. floccosa)
CACTUSPEDIA       

 


Neoporteria eriocephala (Neochilenia floccosa) KK1173 Blanco Encalada, Chile 400m.
It may be recognized for the  long white hairs under the flowers (particularly conspicuous in mature flowering specimens).
 

Description: Solitary, fiercely spined cacti with abundant white wool on top and long white hairs under the flowers .
Stem: Globose up to 8 cm diameter and tall ( in cultivation it is subglobose to elongate and may slowly reach an height of 20 or more cm)

Stem:
, up to 15 cm in diameter. Dark green, tan to grey-purple tinged stem.
Root: Conical taproot.
Ribs: Adult specimens have up13 notched ribs, forming tubercles with sunken areoles.
Spines: Juvenile specimens have only few spines, but the numbers increase as they get older, and areoles can have over 20 spines on mature specimens. Dark brown to black, soon becoming chalky-white or greyish, up to 30 mm long.
Flowers:
Reddish, pinkish or yellowish from apical areoles,
campanulate or funnel-shaped, about 3 cm in diameter.  Floral tube with abundant white wool and bristles. There might be over 50 flowers on a mature specimen (only mature specimens bloom).
Fruits: Reddish, elongate, opening by a basal pore.
 

Cultivation:  It is a summer-growing species.  It's easy to cultivate, but somewhat rot prone if kept in a non ventilated place.   It requires a very fast-draining, drying soil.  Water regularly in summer, but do not over-water.
It needs a full sun exposure (or light shade)
.  Good heat tolerance. Hardy to at least -5C.

Propagation: Usually propagated from Seeds. (seldom produces offsets).

 

Photo gallery: Alphabetical listing of Cactus and Succulent pictures published in this site.

Photo gallery ERIOSYCE

Family: Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

Scientific name: Eriosyce eriocephala

Nowadays regarded as: Eriosyce taltalensis subsp. taltalensis var. taltalensis (Hutch.) Katta

Origin: Northern Chile, Atacama, Antofagasta

Habitat: Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m. with coastal fog (camanchaca)The plants obtain water mainly from condensation.

Conservation status: Listed in CITES appendix 2.

Synonyms:  

  • Neoporteria eriocephala (Backeb.) Donald & G.D.Rowley (Nom. inval.) 1966
  • Eriosyce taltalensis
  • Neoporteria floccosa (F. Ritter) J. Lode 1992
  • Neochilenia eriocephala
  • Eriosyce taltalensis v. floccosa
  • Eriosyce taltalensis ssp. echinus var. floccosa
  • Eriosyce paucicostata ssp. floccosa (Ritter) Ferryman 2003.
  • Pyrrhocactus floccosus Ritter 1963.
 



The typical woolly apex of this species almost completely covered by the
flowers remnants and fruit with abundant white wool and bristles.
 

Photo of conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Eriosyce taltalensis complex (This Taxon is very variable taxon with a endless list of synonyms, with several controversial varieties and subspecies, and comprises a multitude of different forms, but where each form is linked to others by populations of plants with intermediate characteristics):



 

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This old page has been moved! Click the link next on the right to enter the new Enciclopedia of Cacti. We hope you find this new site informative and useful.

The Encyclopedia of Cacti