number: FR249 East of Huasco, Atacama, Chile, Date: 1954/05)
spherical or flattened stem slowly growing atop a thick, underground
taproot, with a
constriction between the stem and the root. eventually
elongated in cultivation.
Slow growing, up to 3-5
cm across, 2-6 cm tall, ranging from green to
brown, but more commonly with brown-olive-grey tones.
Tubercles : Larger than ssp. lembckei;
Spines: Very short black
tuberous root system with (usually) a very large
Flower: Approx 3,5 cm long, 4-6 cm
in diameter, whitish, yellowish, pinkish to
pale brick-red with a silky shine,
hairy with brown
clavate, wrapped in white
already when young,
of the whole plants takes place over one or two days, and they remain
open for about three or four days. Blooms in late spring.
Budss & fruits
(R. Philippi) F. Kattermann
Published in: Eriosyce (Cactaceae):
The genus revised and amplified 1: 118, 1994
Conservation status: Listed in
CITES appendix 2.
derives from the Greek words “Erion (εριον)”
meaning “wool” and “Sykos” meaning “fig (a
(The genus name implies: “woolly
derives from the
plus the adjective suffix for nouns "inus" meaning
"belonging to or resembling"
(The specific name implies: “resembling
coastal Chile (Region III Atacama) South of Freirina in the Huasco
valley (Atacama Desert)
Habitat: E. napina grows in one of the most
arid areas in the world, among rocky crags and sand dunes
in sandy-clayey soil in a
vegetable formation called “Costal desert of Huasco,”
a typical “desertic
mattoral” that is just spectacular and impressive when
it displays the phenomenon
Altitude around 200 m.
- Echinocactus napinus
- Neoporteria napina, (Philippi)
in: Blatter Kakteenforsch., Pt. 9, [p. 4], 1935
- Neochilenia napina (Phil.) Backeb.
- Thelocephala napina (Phil.) Y.Itô
- Chileorebutia napina (Phil.)
F.Ritter (Nom inval.) 1959
- Chilenia napina (Phil.) Backeb.
- Echinocactus mitis Phil. 1894
- Neochilenia mitis (Phil.) Backeb.
- Neochilenia imitans Backeb. (Nom.
- Neochilenia neoreichei Backeb.
(Nom. inval.) 1959
- Reicheocactus neoreichei (Backeb.)
Backeb. (Nom. inval.) 1962
- Echinocactus napinus Phil. 1872
A plant grafted on Opuntia compressa
The eriosyces have a thick
taproot and are
Sometimes they are
grafted to avoid
rot problems. Suited for
light shade. They
like warmth (recommended minimum winter temperature 5° C). But plant
kept perfectly dry can easily survive in winter night temperatures below
0° C (In our greenhouse there was no damage at -10° C for a few hours in
the winter of 2002-2003 )
airy exposures. They also need a deep pot and good
drainage, to accommodate its
tap root. Keep dry in
napina is especially
prone to rot, therefore,
underpot in a
smaller container filled with a very
Propagation: Seeds or
graft. Seeds can be sown in the spring or summer. The seedlings
should not be disturbed until they are well rooted, after which
they can be planted separately in small pots.
conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and cultivars of E. napina.
Taxon has lots of synonyms,
with several controversial varieties and
subspecies, and comprises a multitude of