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  Gymnocalycium gibbosum CACTUSPEDIA       

 


Gymnocalycium gibbosum R539  (Lihuel Calel, La Pampa, Argentina)
Large pearly white or pale pinkish flowers from mid spring to early summer.
 

Description: G. gibbosum is a small solitary cactus. It is a quite variable species.
Stem: Deep glaucous-green to grey-black, discoidal that became elonged with time 10-25 cm tall, up to 12 cm in diameter, the apex is slightly woolly.
Ribs: 10-16 straight, divided in well distinct angular ribs.
Areoles: Whitish-grey, elonged.
Radial spines: 5-7 (-9) 20-25 mm long slightly bent against the plants body, clear brown with a darker base when young, that became whitish-grey with a black base as they age.
Central spines: 0-2 very similar to the radials.
Flowers: Infundibuliform in the nearest periphery just around the apex 45-60 mm long, 60-65 in diameter. Tepals ivory white with a brownish mid rib or occasionally reddish, throat greenish with a basal reddish area. Style white-greenish, stigma white. Anthers cream coloured.
Fruits: Globate or fusiform, 20-40 mm long green with white bordered scales.
Remarks: Seems to be a pretty variable plant you might get some other names which are effectively the same plant.... and also not sure all plants identified as this are really this.

 


Cultivation:
summer grower and pretty easy, water regularly in summer, keep rather dry in winter, but can handle excessive water to few water, best for half-shade but grow well in full sun and full shade too (but in full sun turns an uneven brownish red colour). Frost Tolerance: Hardy to -12C.
Propagation: Direct sow after last frost. (seldom produces offsets). Seed Collecting: Permit fruit to ripen.  Fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds


Photo of conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Gymnocalycium gibbosum complex
(This Taxon has lots of synonyms ( like many other Gymnocalyciums) whit several controversial varieties and subspecies and comprises a multitude of different forms, but where each form is linked to others by populations of plants with intermediate characteristics):

Family: Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

Conservation status: Listed in CITES appendix 2.

Scientific name: Gymnocalycium  gibbosum (Haworth 1812) Pfeiffer ex Mittler 1844

Common NameBlack Chin Cactus

Origin: This species is widely distributed in the mountains of Argentina from the south of the Buenos Aires province to Patagonia and show a great variability in morphological traits.

Synonyms:

  • Cereus reductus,
  • Echinocactus gibbosus,
  • Gymnocalycium reductum,
  • Gymnocalycium gerardii,
  • Cereus gibbosus,
  • Cactus reductus,
  • Cactus gibbosus,
  • Gymnocalycium chubutense

Notes: G. gibbosum is the type species of the genus Gymnocalycium

Etymology:
The
genus name "Gymnocalycium" derives from the Greek words “gymnos meaning “naked” and “calyx” meaning “covering; calyx” referring to the flower buds (calyx) bearing no hair or spines. (The genus name implies: “naked calyx”).

 

 





 

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This old page has been moved! Click the link next on the right to enter the new Enciclopedia of Cacti. We hope you find this new site informative and useful.

The Encyclopedia of Cacti