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  Lithops marmorata (framesii) C365
60 km NO von Springbok, South Africa
CACTUSPEDIA       

 


Free clustering species.  Odd colours, grey with  pink or orange shades.

Description: Lithops marmorata is a clumping succulent perennials species close related to L. salicola and L. umdausensis.
Bodies (paired leaves): Inverse-cone-shaped unequal-sized, swollen, separated by a deep fissure, ovoidal and more o less elonged The new leaves are opposed with respect to the previous ones and form a right angle with these. The colour is grey-white or pale grey-green, The upper surfaces of leaves is convex and quite variable in appearance, it has darker translucent windows mottled with white with an overall marbled effect.
Flowers: Single glossy white daisy-like that emerges from the fissure, the flower is as large as the pair of fleshy leaves below (3 cm in diameter)
Blooming season: From mid-summer through autumn, flowers when tiny,
 

Photo of conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and cultivars of Lithops marmorata

Scientific name:  Lithops marmorata (N.E. Br.) N.E. Br. (1920) (W)
var. marmorata (framesii)

OriginSouth Africa Little Namaqualand (60 km NW of Springbok)

Habitat: It grows in rocky environments has white to pale grey leaves and closely mimics the white quartzite pebbles.

Synonyms:

  • Mesembryanthemum marmoratum
  • Lithops diutina
  • Lithops framesii
  • Lithops umdausensis


Vernacular Names: Living Stones, Cleft Stones, Living Rocks, Split Rocks, stone plant
 

Cultivation: Need an open mineral, fast draining mix and the maximum amount of light you are able to give them. The basic cultivation routine is: Stop watering after flowering. Start watering after the old leaves completely dry. (Usually late March or Early April) Water freely during the growing season, soak the compost fully but allow it to dry out between waterings, no water when cold. Some growers fertilize frequently, some hardly ever. Keep them dry during the winter. Nearly all problems occur as a result of overwatering and poor ventilation especially when weather conditions are dull and cool or very humid. This plant is best for a well lit area (Bright shade to full sun).

 

 

 

Note: After flowering in the autumn and extending through winter season the plant doesn’t need watering, but they will still be growing, the new bodies will be increasing in size extracting water from the outer succulent leaves, allowing them to shrivel away.  In fact the plant in this time extracts water and nutrient stored in the outer succulent leaves, allowing them to dehydrate relocating the water  to the rest of the plant and to the new leaves that form during this period until the old leaves are reduced to nothing more than "thin papery shells".

Comment: Lithops are partly subterranean, with only the clear 'window' in each leaf tip exposed above soil. A type of optical system exists whereby a layer of apical tissue rich in calcium oxalate crystals acts as a filter to intense sunlight before it reaches the thin chlorophyllous layer below. They are also called mimicry plants as they show a striking similarity to their background rocks and are difficult to detect when not in flower. These are the commonly known as pebble plants or living stones; each species is associated with one particular type of rock formation and occurs nowhere else. Its soil-embedded, subterranean growth form also reduces the need for chemical defences against herbivores.
 



 

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This old page has been moved! Click the link next on the right to enter the new Enciclopedia of Succulents. We hope you find this new site informative and useful.

Encyclopedia of Succulents