Lobivia lateritia (classical form with brick-red flowers)
This is one of the most variable species with several related
population that differ widely in flower colour, spine colour, number,
length and thickness of central spines, and other characters.
Description: Lobivia lateritia is
a pretty little species, with a low thick flat to cylindrical stem.
Plant almost always grows solitary but sometime ramifies from the base
to form clusters, size depending on the clone.
Root: Tap root.
Stem: Nearly globular or slightly elongated glaucous green. About
5-8 cm tall.
Ribs: About 18, broad at the base, acute straight or wavy, approx
1 cm high.
Areoles: Felted1-2 cm apart.
Radial spines: 9-10 straight or more or less curved, up to 5 cm
long, whitish, yellowish or brownish.
Central spines: 1 to 2 ± longer than the radials curved
upward, somewhat thickened at the base sometime slightly hooked. Older
plant begins to produce very long spines (up to 10 cm in some clones)
Flowers: Short funnel-formed 3 to 5 cm long, 5-6 cm in diameter,
yellow, orange, pinkish, brick-red to carmine in colour with a usual
clearer centre. Inner perianth segments oblong, acute. Scales on the
ovary and flower tube lanceolate, acute with black hairs in the axil.
Filaments yellow to red. Stigma lobes about 7 or 8.
Blooming season: Bloom in the daytime, from late spring to summer
and remain open for about three days.
L. lateritia (red flowering)
L. lateritia (var. kupperiana)
L. lateritia (var. citriflora)
A fiercely spined form.
(Gürke) Britton & Rose
In: The Cactaceae lll 1922
Nowadays regarded as:
Echinopsis lateritia Gürke
In: Monatsschr. Kakteenk. XVII. 10. p. 151-152. 1907
Origin: Lobivia lateritia was collected at the turn of the
last century by Fiebrig in Southern Bolivia
Conservation status: Listed in
CITES appendix 2.
(Gürke) Britton & Rose
Echinopsis lateritia complex
comprises a large number of infraspecific
taxa, differing in various combinations of flower colour, spine
colour, number and thickness of central spines, and other characters.
The taxonomic and geographic boundaries among the segregate species or
infraspecific taxa of E. lateritia remain nebulous and
controversial. In no place do pure populations exist
sympatrically, and all taxa appear completely interfertile
Cultivation: It is a summer grower species that offers no
cultivation difficulties. Water regularly in summer (but do not
overwater ) Needs a large pot to accommodate a large root system. Use a
very draining and porous substrate, since it's natural habitat is in
volcanic soil, it has adapted to more acidic conditions; keep rather
dry in winter.
It is quite frost resistant if kept dry (hardy to -5° C) Outside full
sun or afternoon shade, inside needs bright light, and some direct sun.
Propagation: Propagate by seed or shoots.
conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and cultivars
of plants belonging to the Lobivia
Taxon has lots of synonyms
whit several controversial varieties and subspecies and comprises a
multitude of different forms, but where each form is linked to others by
populations of plants with intermediate characteristics):