Scientific name: Cochemiea
maritima G. E Lindsay
Published In: Cactus
and Succulent Journal 8(9): 144, f. s.n. (p. 144). 1937. (Cact. Succ. J.
Mexico: endemic to Pacific coast of the peninsula Baja California
(Approx from Punta blanca to punta rosalia, west of Punta prieta)
Grows in non calcareous rocks
on slopes and rocky marine cliffs.
Conservation status: Listed in
CITES appendix 2.
- Cochemiea maritima
In: Cact. Jour.
[British] 4:12, 1935. Nomen nudum.
maritima (G.E. Linds.) D. R. Hunt 1971
pondii ssp. maritima (G.E. Linds.) D.R. Hunt
Postscripts 6: 5. 1997.
cactus, irregularly forming
clusters up to 1 m across or
Stems: 20 to 50 cm long, 7 cm in diameter,
cylindrical, narrow, eventually clumping near the base of the plant,
somewhat jointed, initially erect then procumbent sometimes trailing and
then grey and corky in age but often reddish
if grown in full light,
Tubercles: Conical or slightly flattened laterally, woolly when
Areoles: At first bearing grey wool then naked.
Radial spines: 10 to15, reddish brown, acicular up to 12 mm long.
Central spines: 4 reddish brown the upper three ascending,
spreading, 1-2 cm long, straight. The lowermost stronger, longer and
hooked 3 – 5 cm long.
Roots: Fibrous or
Flowers: Produced near the plants tip from axils of tubercles ,
long, scarlet, 3-4 cm long, 2 cm wide. zygomorphic with a long
hypanthium, segment flaring and tips reflexed, style as twice as
corolla, stamens exerted half as far as style, filaments and anthers
March - April.
Fruits: Red, obovoid or globose.
Seeds: 0,5 mm long, black minutely pitted.
Remarks: Cochemiea pondii has thinner and several
hooked spines per areole while Cochemiea maritima has
usually only one hooked spine per areole.