Cactuspedia home | E-mail | Photo gallery | Dictionary | Search 

This old page has been moved! Click the link next on the right to enter the new Enciclopedia of Cacti. We hope you find this new site informative and useful.

The Encyclopedia of Cacti

  Mammillaria maritima
(Syn: Cochemiea maritima)
CACTUSPEDIA       

 


Mammillaria maritima
It is rarely grown in the collections even if it was discovered 50 years ago.
 

.

 

 

Photo gallery: Alphabetical listing of Cactus and Succulent pictures published in this site.

Photo gallery MAMMILLARIA

Family: Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

Scientific name:  Cochemiea maritima G. E Lindsay
Published In: Cactus and Succulent Journal 8(9): 144, f. s.n. (p. 144). 1937. (Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles))

Origin Mexico: endemic to Pacific coast of the peninsula Baja California (Approx from Punta blanca to punta rosalia, west of Punta prieta)

Habitat:   Grows in non calcareous rocks on slopes and rocky marine cliffs.

Conservation status: Listed in CITES appendix 2.

Synonyms:  

  • Cochemiea maritima Shurly
    In: Cact. Jour. [British] 4:12, 1935. Nomen nudum.
  • Mammillaria maritima (G.E. Linds.) D. R. Hunt 1971
  • Mammillaria pondii ssp. maritima (G.E. Linds.) D.R. Hunt
    In: Mammillaria Postscripts 6: 5. 1997.

Description: Clumping cactus, irregularly  forming clusters up to 1 m across or more.
Stems:
20 to 50 cm long, 7 cm in diameter
, cylindrical, narrow, eventually clumping near the base of the plant, somewhat jointed, initially erect then procumbent sometimes trailing and densely spiny. Glaucous-green then grey and corky in age but often reddish if grown in full light,
Tubercles: Conical or slightly flattened laterally, woolly when young.
Areoles: At first bearing grey wool then naked.
Radial spines: 10 to15, reddish brown, acicular up to 12 mm long.
Central spines: 4 reddish brown the upper three ascending, spreading, 1-2 cm long, straight. The lowermost stronger, longer and hooked 3 5 cm long.
Roots:
Fibrous or moderately thickened.
Flowers:
Produced near the plants tip from axils of tubercles , long, scarlet, 3-4 cm long, 2 cm wide. zygomorphic with a long hypanthium, segment flaring and tips reflexed, style as twice as corolla, stamens exerted half as far as style, filaments and anthers red.
Blooming season: March - April.
Fruits: Red, obovoid or globose.
Seeds: 0,5 mm long, black minutely pitted.
Remarks:
Cochemiea pondii has thinner and several hooked spines per areole while Cochemiea maritima has usually only one hooked spine per areole.


 

 


Cultivation: This plant isn't famous for being easy to cultivate, but in good conditions with excellent ventilation, it grows without difficulty.  It is especially sensitive to over-watering. So careful watering and an open
mineral potting soil are a must. Avoid the use of peat or other humus sources in the potting mixture.
Don't add limestone to the potting mix
, which must be moderately acidic.  Can be sensitive to frost.  Requires
maximum sun exposure to reach its full potential. and in order to achieve success in flowering.
A winter rest that allows the plant to shrivel will encourage flowering and long term survival.  Be careful to encourage slow growth.
Propagation:
Seeds or offsets.



 

Cactuspedia home | E-mail | Photo gallery | Dictionary | Search 

This old page has been moved! Click the link next on the right to enter the new Enciclopedia of Cacti. We hope you find this new site informative and useful.

The Encyclopedia of Cacti