BVB 39.01 North of Acolla 4100 m.
From the photo-DVD by Zoltán Varga Hungary.
Botanical expedition in Peru in the autumn of 2005. This DVD is
orderable at e-mail address:
Description: O. peruviana is a variable species with
(usually) solitary slow-growing flattened stem, that eventually becomes
shortly columnar. up to 20 cm in diameter, 30 cm tall. The spines are
also variable, more or less pectinated and range in colour from pale
yellow to brown.
The flowers are small pink with a yellowish centres, in dense clusters
at the plant apexes and open in the summer, sometimes in a ring.. They
are followed by red, hollow berries.
Cultivation: This species needs a minimum
temperature of 5°C. It will form ugly scars if exposed to too much cold
but it can survive a minimum temperature of – 7°C.
Photo of conspecific taxa,
varieties, forms and cultivars of
plants belonging to the
has lots of synonyms whit several controversial varieties and subspecies
and comprises a multitude of different forms, but where each form
is linked to others by populations of plants with intermediate
Scientific name: Oroya peruviana (K.Schum.)
Britton & Rose 1922
This genus was denominated by Britton & Rose
after the city of the same name, in the centre of Peru, where the first
described species was found.
Origin: Central Peru.
- Echinocactus peruvianus K.Schum. 1903
- Oroya neoperuviana Backeb. 1935
- Oroya laxiareolata Rauh & Backeb. 1957
- Oroya subocculta Rauh & Backeb. 1957
- Oroya baumannii Knize 1969
- Oroya gibbosa F.Ritter 1981
so called "neoperuviana" type.